Q. What is an empirical research article and how do I find one?
Empirical research is research that is based on observation and measurement of phenomena, as directly experienced by the researcher. The data thus gathered may be compared against a theory or hypothesis, but the results are still based on real life experience. The data gathered is all primary data, although secondary data from a literature review may form the theoretical background.
Typically, empirical research embodies the following elements:
- A research question, which will determine research objectives.
- A particular and planned design for the research, which will depend on the question and which will find ways of answering it with appropriate use of resources.
- The gathering of primary data, which is then analysed.
- A particular methodology for collecting and analysing the data, such as an experiment or survey.
- The limitation of the data to a particular group, area or time scale, known as a sample: for example, a specific number of employees of a particular company type, or all users of a library over a given time scale. The sample should be somehow representative of a wider population.
- The ability to recreate the study and test the results. This is known as reliability.
- The ability to generalize from the findings to a larger sample and to other situations.
Search for Empirical Study:
- On library homepage, use search bar near top of the page.
- Enter search terms (example: “anxiety disorder” and “empirical study”.
- On results page, to the left, select Academic Journal.